Physical dating violence among high school students
Community- or school-based adolescent violence and substance use prevention efforts would be enhanced by considering the association between DVV and substance use, particularly NMUPD among both male and female adolescents, to address these public health problems.
Information on the association between NMUPD and types of dating violence victimization among adolescents is limited.
According to the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), 16.8% of US high school students indicated that they had used prescription drugs without a doctor’s prescription at some point in their lifetime. Intimate partner violence (IPV), often called teen dating violence (DV) when involving adolescents, can include sexual violence, physical violence, stalking, and psychological aggression.
National surveillance data of adults revealed that among victims of contact sexual violence, physical violence, and/or stalking by an intimate partner, almost a quarter (23.1%) of female victims and 14% of male victims first experienced these or other forms of IPV between the ages of 11 and 17.
The authors of studies that focused on adult populations suggest that IPV is associated with NMUPD, but evidence among adolescent populations is both scarce and conflicting.
The question on physical TDV asked how many times someone "physically hurt you on purpose" and the new question on sexual TDV asked "how many times did someone you were dating or going out with force you to do sexual things that you did not want to do?
" All health-risk behaviors, including alcohol use, suicide ideation and drug use were most prevalent among students who had experienced both physical and sexual TDV and least prevalent among students who experienced no TDV.
They also examined associations of TDV with health-risk behaviors.
Among 9,900 students who reported dating, survey results indicate that female students who dated during the past 12 months had a prevalence of physical TDV only of 6.6 percent, 8 percent for sexual TDV only; 6.4 percent for both physical and sexual TDV, and 20.9% for any TDV.Dating violence victimization (DVV) among youth has been associated with other adverse health outcomes and risk-taking behaviors, such as substance use, mental health disorders, eating disorders, sexual risk-taking, future DV or IPV, and suicide ideation.